Physical Description of Guernsey Cattle Height and Weight. White with red that ranges from golden to dark brown jagged spots. The Guernsey produces rich and flavoursome milk. Recently a cheese made entirely from Guernsey milk was awarded the Silver Medal at the Royal Melbourne Show, Australia's most prestigious cheese show. The Guernsey is a long-lived breed that offers easy calving , grazes well and is relatively small in size and an efficient milk producer. Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Characteristics The Jersey cattle are relatively a smaller sized dairy cattle breed. Guernseys are thought to have originated from a mix of two French breeds: Brindle cattle, also known as Alderneys, from Normandy and the Froment du Leon from Brittany. In fact, Guernseys are a neighbor to the Jerseys, having been developed on the Island of Guernsey in the Channel Islands . The Herd Book has been published on an annual basis in every year since, and lists the parentage and ownership and from the 1920’s has included milk production records. Some Guernseys do have a domineering streak, but it is rarely directed toward a gentle but firm owner. These no longer display the traditional qualities of the breed; this is particularly marked where there has been cross-breeding with Holstein-Friesian stock. Guernsey breeders selected their cattle for consistency of color within a range of fawn to golden with white spotting and for golden skin. The Guernsey dairy cow is extremely docile and her milk is excellent for cheese production. The coat is red or fawn (wheat-coloured), and may or may not be pied red-and-white or fawn-and-white. Both bulls and cows usually have horns, and their horns are of long sized. [4]:4 During that century large numbers of cattle were exported from the Channel Islands to England; some of them had previously been brought from France. The Island cattle population was always small (2-3,000 cows) and the Guernsey in most other countries was always a minor breed, though the total herd size in USA was substantial. There may also have been some influence from Dutch cattle in the eighteenth century. [4]:1 Cattle were brought to the island in the Middle Ages for draught work. In 1883, the Guernsey breed’s coloration was officially determined and has remained unchanged since. It’s colour is fawn and white and they are most famous for the rich flavour of milk. Horns. [3]:192, The Guernsey is a dairy breed, and generally is reared for that purpose only. From Scotland, established in 1812. Other attractive characteristics of Guernseys are their lack of any known undesirable genetic recessives and their adaptability to warmer climates. Today, Guernseys are medium to large in size, with cows weighing 1,400 pounds and bulls 2,000 pounds. Study the characteristics of the breed. Beta carotene is found in … The position with the Guernsey breed could hardly be more different. Bovine Physical Characteristics. The Guernsey is of medium size: cows weigh 450 to 500 kg, and bulls 600 to 700 kg. Guernseys reach reproductive maturity at an early age and can calve at 22 months of age. Guernsey cattle were developed on the Island of Guernsey which is one of the Channel Islands off the coast of France. The milk has a golden-yellow tinge due to a high content of β-carotene, a provitamin for vitamin A. Her fawn and white coat enhances her heat tolerance and reduces heat stress, which adds to her ability to maintain production levels anywhere. Their body color is usually slightly red, deep brown or mixed. Jersey cattle may only be a small breed, but they’re one of the best milk producers, especially when they’re grazing on the island’s lush green landscape. It traditionally had several other good qualities: it was long-lived, calved without difficulty, grazed well and – being relatively small-sized – was an efficient milk producer. Highland cattle are medium sized animals with long wavy coats. Guernsey Characteristics The Guernsey is a fawn or red and white in colour and originates from the island of Guernsey in the Channel Islands and is a docile in temperament and a hardy breed. Many people who suffer dairy allergies or intolerance tend not to react to Guernsey milk as it is high (95%) in A2 protein as in sheep and goat's milk and very low in A1 that could have an effect on susceptible people. [6], The Guernsey is of medium size: cows weigh 450 to 500 kg, and bulls 600 to 700 kg. The Guernsey was bred on the British Channel Island of Guernsey; it is first documented in the nineteenth century, and its origins are unknown. The coat is red or fawn (wheat-coloured), and may or may not be pied red-and-white or fawn-and-white. [5] The Guernsey breed is on the watch list maintained by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, with fewer than 2,500 annual registrations in the U.S. and an estimated global population less than 10,000 animals. F rom witches seats and fairy rings to the unique climate and history, here are the ten most fascinating facts you never knew about Guernsey. Its chief characteristics are its large size and black and white spotted markings, sharply defined rather than blended. They are docile and have an ideal Dairy Temperament. They differ from each other’s characteristics in some ways such as the quality of milk, their weights, and available colours. Due to being an island it does not have any bordering countries, however its nearest neighbours are England to the North, France to the East and South and Jersey to the South East. Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white color. Guernseys are efficient converters of feed to product, being of intermediate size, Guernseys produce their high quality milk while consuming 20 to 30 percent less feed per pound of milk produced than larger dairy breeds. Statistics Guernseys are efficient converters of feed to product, being of intermediate size, Guernseys produce their high quality... Guernseys are capable of High Milk Flow. [4]:3 Imports of French cattle to Guernsey were forbidden by law in 1819, but some importation of British cattle continued until 1877. They are also known for having a lower projected calving interval and have a younger average age of first calf heifers than the larger breeds. As well as cream and butter, Jersey milk is being used to produce several artisan cheeses, from Jersey brie … Beta casein A2: When tested in the UK, Guernsey milk had more than 95% A2, compared with 40% A2 in Jersey milk and 15% in 'ordinary milk'. 1. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). [3]:192[7] The milk also has a high butterfat content of 5% and a high protein content of 3.7%. It is fawn or red and white in colour, and is hardy and docile. Cattle are large mammals in the order Artiodactyla. They have relatively long sized head, and they usually have no hunchback. Guernseys are adaptable to all climates and management systems and lack any known undesirable genetic recessive's. Breed History. Guernseys produce calves big at birth, which are easy to rear. The Guernsey is one of three Channel Island cattle breeds, the others being the Alderney – now extinct – and the Jersey. [8] Guernsey cows produce around 6000 litres per cow per year.[9]. Guernseys are well known for having the minimum of calving complications. Instead, they see… Guernsey owners love the rich personality of their cows. They are intelligent cattle that pay close attention to their surroundings, although they do not spook easily. The Guernsey is a breed of dairy cattle from the island of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. These cattle are believed to have been selected for dairy qualities for about 2,000 years. The color of its milk is … Guernsey cows are used primarily in the dairy industry because of their physical traits, rich milk and docile demeanor. Note the following: Colouration: Jersey cattle coat colour … Breed Facts The Guernsey is a breed of cattle which is commonly used in dairy farming. The English Guernsey Cattle Society was established in 1884 to provide a record of ancestry of Guernsey Cattle imported at around that time from Guernsey Island. They are kind, gentle animals with cheerful dispositions. Typical Breed Characteristics of Ayrshire Cattle: Ayrshires are red and white color, and purebred Ayrshires only produce red and white offspring. "American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, Conservation Priority List, 2012", List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, "The Guernsey Cow – Background and History", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guernsey_cattle&oldid=1000311718, Conservation Priority Breeds of the Livestock Conservancy, Cattle breeds originating in the Channel Islands, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with dead external links from October 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 16:12. Artiodactyls have hooves and even numbers of toes on each foot. It produces quality milk with high butterfat. Guernsey Milk Facts. This provides an early return on investment. [3]:192 Some cattle evacuated from Alderney during the Second World War were merged into the breed. Guernsey cattle are another breed that originated in the United Kingdom. Guernsey’s are efficient converters of feed to product, being of intermediate size, … The breed was developed about 1,000 years ago by monks who moved to the island and brought with them the best bloodlines of French cattle, Normandy Brindles, also known as Alderneys and the Froment du Leon breed from Brittany. Feminine… [3]:192 The Guernsey produces rich and flavoursome milk. However, the cow is usually removed from the dairy herd around ages six to eight,[citation needed] and marketed for beef, and other processed meats. It traditionally had several other good qualities: it was long-lived, calved without difficulty, grazed well and – being relatively small-sized – was an efficient milk producer. This cow was the 2018 champion and belongs to the Mann family of Trewey farm in Zennor, Cornwall. The Guernsey, as its name implies, was bred on the British Channel Island of Guernsey. Guernseys are considered medium-to-large cattle, with cows averaging 1,400 pounds and bulls 2,000... Coloration. They are usually black, red, white, brindle, yellow, silver or dun in color. Increase your chances of being crowned the next pub quiz team winners by learning these 19 super interesting facts about Guernsey! Characteristics of Guernsey Dairy Cows ©Lucinda Morgan, The English Guernsey Cattle Society. Omega 3: Guernsey milk contains 3 times as much omega 3 as other milks. These advantages have been compromised by recent selective breedingstrategies, which have led to la… Actually, the red is a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. The Guernsey is also an excellent grazer. Later this year, Guernsey will host the 14th World Guernsey Cattle Conference. [3]:192 These advantages have been compromised by recent selective breeding strategies, which have led to larger animals, with longer legs. Guernsey Cow Facts: The Guernsey breed of cows was brought to the island of Guernsey on the British channel a thousand years ago by monks; This breed of cattle was established as a separate breed in the 1700s. Beta carotene: This is not digested by Guernsey cows so it passes into the milk and produces the wonderful golden colour. Highland Cattle Characteristics. The breed is usually … Both Guernsey and Jersey are domestic cattle breeds that exhibit mild temperaments and important qualities in their milk. Research has indicated that Guernsey cows carry a gene called Kappa Casein ‘B’ which results in enhanced cheese characteristics. Guernsey comes in two different color one is fawn with white spots and another is red with white spots. Tidal range. Although Guernseys are not given to passionate outbursts of affection, by the same token they are not prone to fits of irritability, instead forming a quiet bond with their owners. (2007). Much like the Jersey breed, Guernsey cows have enjoyed worldwide success, with herds across six continents. Guernsey vs Jersey . This is of real economic benefit to cheese plants, giving a firmer curd, increased volume and better cheese characteristics. However, this breed has begun to fall out of favor partly because of the fat content and golden color of its milk compared to that of other breeds. Its milk is rich in flavour, high in fat and protein, and has a golden-yellow tinge due to its high β-carotene content. Guernsey is located in the English Channel, just off the coast of Normandy, France. Milk from the Guernsey Breed has been known to have different characteristics than the other breeds for sometime. Horned. [5], Exports of cattle and semen were for a while an important economic resource for the island, and in the early 20th century, a large number of Guernsey cattle were exported to the United States. 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